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Alexander Graham Bell Biography

Alexander Graham Bell Biography


Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922)was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone. He also founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in 1885.
Early Life
Alexander Graham Bell was the man who invented the telephone. He was born in Edinburgh on 3 March 1847. Bell's father taught elocution and Alexander was expected to follow. He was educated at Edinburgh High School, Edinburgh University and the University of London. Afterwards he taught elocution and music. Then in 1870 Bell moved to Canada with his family. (His health was poor and they hoped the move would help him recover).
Later Alexander Graham Bell moved to the USA and in 1872 he opened a school for training teachers of the deaf in Boston. In 1873 he became Professor of Vocal Physiology in Boston University.


The Telephone
Bell experimented with ways of using electricity to transmit sound, helped by his assistant Thomas Watson and in 1876 he patented the telephone. He also invented a way to transmit sound using vibrations in a beam of light.
Alexander Graham Bell also carried out experiments in many other subjects and in 1898 he became President of the National Geographical Society. He was also interested in the problem of mechanical flight and experimented with kites.
Bell married a deaf woman, Mabel Hubbard in 1877 and they had four children. Bell became a US citizen in 1882 but in 1855 he purchased a summer home in Nova Scotia.At the age of 75 Alexander Graham Bell died in Nova Scotia on 2 August 1922.
Legacy and honors
During his life, he received dozens of major awards, medals, and other tributes. These included statuary monuments to both him and the new form of communication his telephone created, including the Bell Telephone Memorial erected in his honor in Alexander Graham Bell Gardens in Brantford, Ontario, in 1917.
A large number of Bell's writings, personal correspondence, notebooks, papers, and other documents reside in both the United States Library of Congress Manuscript Division (as the Alexander Graham Bell Family Papers),and at the Alexander Graham Bell Institute, Cape Breton University, Nova Scotia; major portions of which are available for online viewing.


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