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FA-1 10TH CLASS BIOLOGY-EM ALL-IN-ONE

FA-1 10TH CLASS BIOLOGY-EM ALL-IN-ONE

Formative assessment can be interpreted as assessment for learning and assessment as learning which are distinct from summative assessment of learning. There are four tools in formative assessment.
1) Read and Reflect
2) Written works
3) Project works
4) Slip test
Each tool carries 5 marks.
1. Read and Reflect
Reading is one of the major inputs for language development. If we do not go for some kind of focused interventions to facilitate reading skills, students will be reading their textbooks only. (Earlier, it so happened that students did not read even the text books, but depended upon question banks).There should be a mechanism to ensure that students are reading materials other than textbook, develop their own perceptions on such materials and come out with their own reflections on the reading experience both orally and in writing.
How to facilitate reading:
   The teacher is suggested to provide reading materials such as library books, magazines, articles, stories, newspapers etc. for a formative period (there are four formatives in an academic year).
     The learners should read the reading materials and write their reflections in their notebook.
  They will also be asked to present their reading experience orally (without looking at the notebook) before the class.
Oral indicators:
We may use indicators such as, stating the context, sequencing of ideas, well-formed sentences, proper articulation for assessing the oral performance. The teacher should check the written notes of the children and award marks for individual writing based on the indicators related to writing which are included the academic standards.
Written indicators:
We can go for a few manageable indicators such as: states the context, sequencing of ideas, well-formed sentences, personal opinions, punctuation and spelling. The length of writing should be at least 100-120
words (10-12 sentences)
      Both oral and written performance carry 5 marks each.
      The average marks should be consolidated to 5 marks.
   Don’t discourage the learners if they commit any errors in their writing. However, positive feedback may be given.
The child has to read the different discourses for every Formative Assessment. The teacher can    provide the source for reading material or encourage the children to search the material on their own.
 2. Written Works
The written works include the discourses written individually as part of classroom process, the answers to the analytical questions assigned to the learners as home task, the textual exercises such as vocabulary, grammar and study skills. Teachers have to ensure that children are writing individually and not by copying from others. TS, 
 3. Project Work
Every unit contains a project work to be carried out by the students; every student should carry out one project for one formative. No need to carry out all the projects given in the textbook. If
There are three projects given in the textbook for a formative, teacher is to write the titles of  these on the blackboard and ask the students select one among these.
Projects help the students to evolve themselves as independent users of language. Project work provides a platform for integrating language skills and various study skills; it also involves higher order thinking skills.
The learners have to explore the theme by collecting data, consolidating it using different formats, write reports on them and make presentations in the whole class.
There is space for individual work, pair work and also group work. In addition to the projects suggested in the textbook teachers can go more projects related to the themes that are dealt with.
Process
Projects take place in various stages such as:
      Brainstorming on the nature of the project,
      Designing tools for the collection of data,
      Collecting the data,
      Consolidating the data using different formats,
       Analysis and Interpretation of the data,
      Report writing,
      Presentation.
Awarding marks
The project carries 7 marks for the written work (preparation of tools 2; collection of data and analysis-2, report writing-3) and 3 marks for presentation of the report. Consider the indicators (written and oral) holistically and award total marks accordingly. No need to award item wise marks in the project.
Note: out of ‘4’ projects, one project should be group project.Teacher Handbook
4. Slip Tests
Slip test is more or less similar to summative assessment but it is still different in terms of the following:
     There is no prior notice for conducting the slip test.
     It is done in a limited time (say, in a regular period of about 40 minutes).
     There are only limited numbers of tasks.
     The discourses that have been done in the formative period are considered for slip test.
     There is no printed question paper. The teacher can write the tasks on a chart and display it or write the questions on the BB.
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